California is the County Seat of Moniteau County and is located 22 miles west of the state capital, Jefferson City, on U.S. Highway 50. The Missouri River runs along the northeastern border of the county.
California has a census population of 4,005. Despite its small size, California has some of the most unique and prosperous industries in mid-Missouri. These include Burger’s Smokehouse, which cures and processes hams, turkeys, and other speciality meats for shipment all over the world; Honeysuckle White, a division of Cargill Inc.; Tana Wire Marker, which produces the brightly colored balls affixed to electrical wires to warn aircraft of their presence; and Arkansas Valley Feather, which processes and markets feather products. California is also home to California Manufacturing Inc. (coats and jackets), and Mo-Wood Products (cabinets and wood products).